Monday, 07 Nov, 2022
Sea Shepherd responds to East Timor official who supports shark annihilation
Thursday, 21 Sep, 2017
Sea Shepherd Asia Director and Apex Harmony - Timor Leste campaign leader Gary Stokes responds to the Director General of Agriculture & Fisheries statement in today's Timor Post stating "Hong Long Company does not catch protected shark fish."
Patience pays off and in this case the Director General of Agriculture & Fisheries of Timor Leste has now exposed himself. Mr Acacio Guterres MAP has chosen publicly to take the side of a known criminal foreign fishing company over the interests of the people of Timor Leste.
Is Mr Guterres protecting the natural resources of the people of Timor Leste as his position requires? How does Mr Guterres know that the Hong Long fleet does not catch protected shark? Is he just taking their word for it? We know that they did have protected sharks in February 2017 but were let off, so how can he claim they do not have any now? The Director General of Agriculture and Fisheries cannot make any claims that they have not caught protected sharks unless he has inspected each sack onboard. He is simple blowing hot air in his statements.
Mr Guterres claims that the Hong Long fleet are not targeting sharks, but just catching sharks that are legal within Timor Leste laws. With over 90% of their catch being shark this is clearly not the case. A copy of the fishing license application states the target catch as “Bottomfish, Grouper, Snapper and Others”. We have never seen such a broad and open ended application, and no serious Fisheries official in their right mind would agree to such a vague application. The fleet itself have been documented by Sea Shepherd hauling in their nets and catching mostly shark. At the same time destroying the delicate coral reef.
The fleet was inspected briefly on September 9th by the PNTL (East Timor National Police), however a full inspection was suggested as the holds were full and a thorough inspection would take days. The fleet were not detained when moved to Kairabela, they were left completely unattended with the exception of Sea Shepherd’s ship, Ocean Warrior, which has been monitoring the fleet 24 hours a day. The crews spent the first few days below decks, and then in the evening all started their engines and began driving erratically around the bay at night for no reason at all, other than to possibly dump overboard any species deemed as illegal catch in the deeper waters just offshore. This is the same as allowing a murderer to stay at the scene of the crime, unwatched, to tamper with the evidence at will. If Mr Guterres was acting in the interest of the people of Timor Leste, he had every opportunity after the raid was made public on September 9th, to visit and conduct a full inspection these vessels. He chose not to.
The people of Timor Leste should be proud of the initiative of the PNTL led by Commandant Jorge Monteiro and his team. They have Timor Leste’s interests at heart and not the satisfaction of a privately-owned, criminal foreign fishing company. We hope now that Mr Guterres has exposed himself in the local media, that the president and government of Timor Leste along with the PNTL will conduct a full investigation, not only into the actions of the Hong Long fleet but also into the intentions and allegiance of Mr Guterres, as it is clear he is not working in the interests of the nation in this case. This is a criminal matter, not an administrative one, that should be handled by the Prosecutor. We trust the Prosecutor will do justice for the people of Timor Leste.
Sea Shepherd is in the process of filing a full legal report of the activities of this fleet as well as a second fleet that Mr Guterres has also sold a fishing license to. Vessels from the second licensee were documented by Sea Shepherd in the same area 150km south of Timor Leste using illegal drift nets. The international law on drift nets is 2.5km maximum length, yet Sea Shepherd has evidence which it has handed over to the PNTL of these vessels setting nets over 10km in length.
The report will be sent to all relevant countries and law enforcement agencies including Interpol. Sea Shepherd will again call upon the assistance of the Chinese Government to aid in bringing these illegal operators to justice. In both cases they are privately owned companies committing crimes and bringing unnecessary shame to China internationally, with the soul purpose of profit for their shareholders. Last year Sea Shepherd discovered a fleet of six illegal drift net boats operating in the Indian Ocean and reported them to the Chinese Bureau of Fisheries who took positive action. China is taking IUU (Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated) fishing crimes very seriously and we hope that they will also take action again in these cases.
Timor Leste has one of the highest levels of marine biodiversity on the planet, an unspoilt resource that if managed correctly will bring millions of dollars to the local economy. One person who realizes this is Dr. José Ramos-Horta who was promoting eco-tourism for Timor Leste recently in Singapore. When asked about these foreign fleets plundering local waters the former Prime Minister stated: “Unscrupulous foreign commercial fishing activities must be stopped in Timor Leste. We must protect our natural resources, it is an outrage.”
Background Timeline History
In February of 2017 video footage surfaced of a transshipment of an estimated 43 tons of sharks between the Hong Long owned fleet of 15 vessels Fu Yuan Yu 9607 - 9621 and the mothership the Fu Yuan Yu Leng 999. All vessels are owned by the same company, despite the US Nasdaq listed Pingtan Marine Enterprises (PME), also based in Fuzhou, China, announcing to its shareholders that it owns the vessels operating under license in Timor Leste. Both Pingtan and Hong Long are owned by the same family.
In the drone footage of February 2017 CITES-listed sharks are clearly seen being loaded onto the mothership. An investigation was launched but for reasons that remain a mystery to most, the fleet were allowed to continue and the catch was allowed to leave Timor Leste despite public outcry.
This was when Sea Shepherd, amongst others, were asked to assist by the honorable Dr Jose Ramos Horta in April during a visit to Singapore. Sea Shepherd began a full investigation into the companies and their colorful background of illegal fishing. In 2014 Indonesian Fisheries Minister Ms Susi Pudjiastuti kicked Hong Long and Pingtan out of Indonesian waters for illegal fishing. These companies are still banned from fishing in Indonesian waters. As with most of these foreign fishing fleets, this just means that they move to the next target to exploit, Timor Leste.
In August 2017, the mothership from the February footage was detained inside the Galapagos National Park and the crew are now serving jail time in an Ecuadorian prison. Criminal activities again recorded.
Sea Shepherd dispatched its vessel the Ocean Warrior to come and document this fleets activity as Timor Leste has no means to watch over the fleets activity out of sight of land. On September 5th the Ocean Warrior documented the fleet hauling their bottom set gill nets 150km south of Timor Leste in the contested waters between Timor Leste and Australia that have recently reached a settlement.
The fleet headed north towards Timor Leste and the Ocean Warrior followed before heading to Dili to hand over the evidence to the authorities. This was when the PNTL asked for Sea Shepherd’s assistance to conduct a boarding of the vessels at anchor in Com to conduct a visual inspection and documentation. The inspection confirmed that the fleet were targeting sharks as the majority of their holds were full of sharks as widely seen in the pictures circulated around the worlds media.